NATO Countries 2023: NATO stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It is a political and military alliance of 31 countries from Europe and North America. NATO was established in 1949 after World War II and during the cold war to promote collective defense and security among its member countries.
During the cold war, NATO served as a safeguard against the perceived threat from the Soviet Union and its allies. Even after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, NATO persevered as an alliance and actively participated in military operations across various regions, including the Balkans, the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa.
NATO was initially established with 12 founding members and has expanded its membership nine times since founded. Recently Finland joined NATO on 4 April 2023 as the 31st member nation on the alliance’s 74th anniversary. NATO’s main headquarters is located in Brussels, Belgium and its motto is animus in consulendo liber, or “a mind unfettered in deliberation”.
NATO Founding Members
Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom, United States.
NATO Countries 2023 Members List
- 1949: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom, United States.
- 1952: Greece, Turkey.
- 1955: Germany.
- 1982: Spain.
- 1999: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland.
- 2004: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.
- 2009: Albania, Croatia.
- 2017: Montenegro.
- 2020: North Macedonia.
- 2023: Finland (most recent addition).