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1.One of the Asokan Pillars was a re-inscribed altar of Alexander (Scholia, vol.15, p.78-101).[Prof Ranjit Pal]

As the rise of Chandragupta coincides with Alexander’s fall, it is natural to see a link. This is hinted not only by the Mudrarakshasa but also the presence of Diodotus of Erythrae in Alexander’s diary. In an edict Asoka gives the clue that his ancestors were all Devanampiyas, which reveals that they were Devadatta or Diodotus. Thus Diodotus of Erythrae was Chandragupta who may have joined hands with the generals to poison Alexander.  Alexander lives in India. At least one of the Asokan Pillars was a re-inscribed altar of Alexander (Scholia, vol.15, p.78-101). Alexander’s legacy should be sought not only in the Seleucid Empire or the culture of Alexandria but also in the clear Greek imprint on Buddhist religion and art. The rise of Asoka/Diodotus and the resurgence in Indian culture in the 4th century B.C. were largely due to Alexander’s tryst with India. As Alexander spent his last years in Indo-Iran, his life history has to be based on the Indian, Persian as well as the Greco-Roman sources. All the extant Greco-Roman documents were written long after his death and at locations far-away from the main theatre of operations. As a result, even writers such as Arrian, Plutarch or Diodorus were not always familiar with the social mores of the people in question, and many episodes in India and Iran were interpreted unsatisfactorily. [Dr. Ranjit Pal (Ph.D from IIT Kharagpur and life member of “Indian Society for Greek and Roman Studies”]

Kalsi Rock Edict XIV
Kalsi Rock Edict XIV

2. There is no Buddhism symbol of Elephant as Buddhism always refer to Elephant
(a)Saddanta Jataka, the tale of the six-tusked elephant. As the story goes, the Buddha was once born as a marvelous six-tusked elephant.
(b) There is a picture of an elephant engraved at the right side of an Edict; below the XIII th (thirteenth) Rock Edict of Girnar which depicting the Name of Kalinga Here.
(c) There is also a line below the XIII th (thirteenth) Rock Edict of Girnar a line Inscribed as ‘….sabbaseto hatthi sabbalokasukhaya nama (vra svato hasti sarvalokasukhavaha nama-in Sanskrit)” , which could be translated as—“an entirely white elephant, bringing happiness to the whole world”. The White Elephant Represent Buddha.[Dr.Hultzsch, “The Inscription of Asoka”, CII, Vol.I, 1991,pp.26-27 and Prof Meena Talim-‘Edicts of King Asoka A new Version, P. No.60, L-23-27]
(d) At Kalsi, a figure of an Elephant is Engraved below the fourteenth Rock Edict, with a word Gajattam= Gajuttamam mean best Elephant.

(e) Dr. A.K.Narain narrates, “The Greeks from the time of Alexander were impressed by elephant and for the Buddhist, Kapsi- Elephant was also a scared animal being associated with the nativity of Buddha.”[The Indo-Greeks, revised and Supplemented ,Delhi,2003, P.468 & Prof Meena Talim-‘Edicts of King Asoka A new Version, P. No.63].

Elephant at Dhauli.
Elephant at Dhauli.

(f) Edict of Devanampiya/Asoka started with Salutation to big Elephant carving structure in Kalinga( Odisha at Bhubaneswar).

Where is symbol of Buddhism in so Called Asokan Pillar? It is a salutation to Buddha or  celebrating Victory over Buddhist India?




By: Swagatika Pati

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