Kalinga War a Misnomer with Geographical Location of Kalinga.

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If we talk about 2200 years back, references about Kalinga war and put Dhauli rather say injected to Dahuli as a war place without having any proof to it is a disastrous one. If you go to the navigation theory it is sound pure false that Colombus and Marco polo of European origin discover the world through the voyage. It is clearly seen from the Mahameghavahana Inscription that not only voyage but Naval War Fare already existed in Kalinga, then what to talk about voyage?

Here I want to say after Java, Sumatra, Lanka, Bali, Indonesia, etc. of South East Asia then Kalingan Voyage adventurous and next to American subcontinent, and in Philippines Aggressive marketing of Kalinga name may be due to competition of trade with southern India in Bali, Java, Sri Lanka, etc. Here in the Philippines, only Kalinga Marketed with name and fame.

 kalinga Province in Phillipines
Kalinga Province in Philippines

When Kalinga goes to South East Asia and the American Subcontinent then it is almost sure that they are also in northern India. In Greek Mythology we also find Kalingan presence. In Apollonius of Rhodes’ “Argonautika”, Datis, a chieftain, leader of the Gangridae [Kalinga] was in the army of Perses iii fought against Aeetes during the Colchian Civil war. Colchis was situated in Modern day Georgia, on the east of the Black Sea. Virgil also speaks of the Gangardae[Kalinga] in his Georgics.
There are also different place names similar to that in Kalinga on the northern border of India where Alexander also not dare to cross sword with Gangridae [kalinga]. You may see Katak, puri, Konark on the Northern border of India and surprisingly the XIII Rock Edict which is shouting of Kalinga war is not in modern Odisha or in Modern India.

kalinga war

Therefore if there is a war in Philippines in Kalingan province, then that should not be referred to Kalinga war in Dhauli or in modern Odisha. Here in the picture, there is also a Vangala just like in Modern Odisha neighborhood there is also Bengal[West Bengal]. People here to migrate to the north and settle there is a simple phenomenon and in that area, the struggle is having its own Geographical problem. No doubt they are related to their ancient place but the politics is different due to geographical location.

XIII Rock Edict of Devanampiya neither give his name as Asoka nor clarify the war in any way. The minimum requirement for a war inscription is regarding the opposition leader’s name and the reason for the war, which is purely missing in the XIIIth Edict. The place of the Edict is also very suspicious for writing about the war which is Shabaz Garhi in Modern Pakistan. Shahbaz Garhi is located 13 km east of Mardan(Pakistan) on the road to Swabi. Sown a dirt track to the right, a few meters, are the Ashokan inscriptions, carved in two rocks on a hill about 300 meters to the left. The Ashokan inscriptions date from the 3rd century BC and are the oldest surviving writings of any historical significance in the Subcontinent. At Shahbaz Garhi 12 edicts are carved on the rock, two on another, Shahbaz Garhi is important to Buddhists because f its association with prince Sudana, or Buddha in one of his previous incarnations, Sudana means of noble charity; the area is still popularly known as the Sudana Plan.

In this context telling about Kalinga War and its relation to Dhauli is looking forgery of the Britisher, who are very zealous about the Kalingan presence in the world scenario through advanced voyage quality. Reading of the Edict was first started by the Britisher. The original script was in Brahmi and in Pali language and when it was translated to Sanskrit and again translated to English the forgery was injected which lead to misleading the clear tone of the edict. When you make a draft of anything, it must be correlated to the subject not a collection of words that made a perfect draft. If XIII Rock Edict refers to the Kalinga war then it should be the main part of the tone of the Edict not only a single word and a single time justified any proper draft. Kharavela in his Edict clearly shows the Geographical route towards the North India campaign. Again King Darius of Persia who is the Champion of writing his Edict also follows the same rule of law, but the Devanampiya inscription misses the trend and only eulogizes the application of religion in Politics not eulogize Buddha. In this context, it is true to read the tone of the edict on religion-based politics not on a war basis which is also not supported by Buddhists literally chronicle Mahayana about any type of war with Kalinga.

Right of the top corner is the place of XIII Edict of Devanampiya.

The Great Scholar Dr. K.R.Norman in his concluding remarks, said:- “ The Kings original orders were, therefore, inscribed as they had been misread, miscopied and misinterpreted to a great or less extent, by the various members of the secretariat. It must be our aim to remove the faults which have crept on, and try to find out exactly what Asoka said.”
Current study by Prof. Meena Talim remark thus:- “I may point out here that such flaws were not only committed by the members of the secretariat of the King Asoka but many a time, the words of Asoka were not correctly interpreted by scholar community. ”
Due to British forgery and then copy to copy and copy to copy with adding new drama from the mind the original tone of the edict purely diluted and fixed to Dhauli, Karubaki , Grand old Woman and such fabricated story to it as a masala film.
Recently when Dr.Meena Talim who is the first person to be awarded a Ph.D in Pali found no such word like Kalinga Vaja (Kalinga Vijaya) and vadhe (Badha) in XIII Rock Edict then she translated the edict in Pali and Hindi. When I go through this I found the grammar is to be read like thus:-[/quote]

 XIII rock edict
XIII rock edict

CONCLUSION= In XIII Rock Edict at Shabazgarhi does not refer to Kalinga Vaja [Kalinga Vijay], it was
an added one injected to justify Kalinga war for to satisfy mood of the Edict.
In Pali{tatha paccha adhuna laghesu kalingamahi tiboo dhamma},
In Odia {tata paschat adhuna laguchhi kalingarehi dharma thiba},
in modern Odia {Taha(tata) pare(paschat) Laguchhi Langhesu) Bartaman(adhuna) kalingarehi(kalingarehin) dharma(dharma) thiba(taboo)}

At last single reference of Kalinga is not sufficient about a great war of so called devastation, it is purely a misnomer and it is a political injection by Colonial writer for their colonial thinking.///Reference-‘Edicts of Asoka’ by Meena Talim, ‘ Asoka and the Decline of Mayuryas ‘ by Romila Thaper, Meghasthenis Indica and Ancient India as Described in Classical Literature, John W.McCrindle,p.201

 Article by : Swagatika Pati

8 COMMENTS

  1. All point of fabrication is there at Pak-Afganistan border but it falsely related to Dhauli having no such proof.

    • Mam it should be proved on national platform and this fabricated story must be eradicated from history books .And furthermore kalingan influence on world must be added to history books.Plz mam do something for this.

  2. Pak-Afganistan border is probably true because it is mentioned in the history we read during our school career that One Lakh Soldier killed, Two lakhs soldiers prisioned and more than that injured.

    If we count the heads it is more than 5 lakhs !!!!!

    Question arises here what was the population at that time in KALINGA ? (Aama Odisha).

    So it is appreciated the fabrication made by Britishers.

    Thanks to Swagatika Madam. Jai Jagannath.

  3. I will post further that in XIII Edict it is only a reminder of previous consequences not a current war. Because war needs minimum requirement, which is absent in XIII edict.
    Thanks. Jey Jagannath

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