Dhauli hills are located on the banks of the river Daya, eight km south of Bhubaneswar in Orissa (India). it’s a hill with vast open area adjoining it, and has major Edicts of Ashoka engraved on a mass of rock, by the facet of the road resulting in the summit of the hill. Dhauli hill is presumed to be the world where Kalinga War was fought.
The Rock Edicts found here embody Nos. I-X, XIV and 2 separate Kalinga Edicts. In Kalinga Edict VI, he expresses his concern for the “welfare of the full world”. The rock-cut elephant on top of the Edicts is that the earliest Buddhist sculpture of Orissa. The stone elephant shows the animal’s foreparts solely, though it’s a fine sense of type and movement. it’s another significance, that is said to earth in type of an elephant, and to that extent, elephant most likely represented the Buddha to devotees.
Ashoka had a special weakness for Dhauli, where the battle was fought. The Daya river is claimed to possess turned red with the blood of the numerous deceased once the battle, and enabled Ashoka to appreciate the magnitude of horror related to war. He saw to it that Dhauli became a crucial centre of Buddhist activities. He engineered many chaityas, stupas and pillars there. He got abodes excavated for the recluse, directions inscribed for officers, expounded the most principles of dandaniti for the general public, provided special standing to his new kingdom together with the stupas at Dhauli.
On the highest of the hill, a stunning white peace pagoda has been engineered by the Japan Buddha Sangha and therefore the Kalinga Nippon Buddha Sangha within the Seventies.
The nearby region additionally homes Ashokan edicts and presumably a Stupa at Bhaskareshwar temple at Tankapani road as argued by students. The Dhauligiri hills additionally has an ancient Shiva temple that is that the place for mass gathering throughout Shiva Ratri Celebrations.